♪ ♪ the world news from al jazerra. also ahead the face-to-face meeting at last, syria's government and the opposition grow come together in geneva. ukraine's president makes an offer has protests that the opposition says is too late. and trouble for turkey's currency, we'll look at why it's at a record low against the dollar. ♪ ♪
we begin in egypt where there have been two explores in the capital. the entire area ministry says a device went off next to a police institute in the eastern part of cairo and a second bomb followed also in the east of the city. saturday marks the third anniversary of the up rising that removed president mubarak from office. four explosions, at six feels killed armed 80 injured the biggest blast hit outside cairo's main police headquarters. well, our correspondent and producers have been detained in egypt for nearly a month so we are unable to report from there, but we do have mike hannah who has reported extensively from cairo and he is monitoring events for us. so it is the anniversary today, mike, and they have already been two explosions, again, in cairo.
>> yes, it's very interesting that all the he can places that we have seen over the past 48 hours clearly connected to this third anniversary of the revolution, all of them happening in egypt's biggest city. in this clearly would be a message from the perpetrators making the statement that they can carry out these attacks despite the intense security measures put in place the interim government and security forces. >> just how worrying a start of the day is this given that boast supporters and opponents of this military-back interrupt government calling on people to come out and take to the streets to protest today? >> well, there was always the potential for major clashes between supporters of the interim government and those opposed to it. yesterday passed off relatively calmly on that particular basis. very few -- well, scattered of instance of demonstrations
across the country. as far as this morning goes, only h evident in the streets at the moment are small groups of those in support of the interim government. no support of those opposed to it. whether these demonstrations are going to materialize, very difficult to predict. one must remember, too, that very rigid laws are in place governing demonstrations that are not legal. in other words, demonstrations that are not given a license from by the local government. so certainly that plays in to it. the concept -- the blast that his we have seen as well over the past 48 hours may also tend to scare many away who were going to be intents on peaceful protests. either against the interim government or, indeed, in favor of it. so certainly these explosions have played in to perhaps dampening the situation to a certain extent, although they are a reminder of the intensity of the conflict that is happening there. bombings in egypt of not that common, particularly not in a chain of bombings that we are seeing in the capital itself.
>> thank you very much for that, mike. well, as we mentioned earlier, al jazerra can't report from cairo because our journalists have been detained. our producers and correspond erred peter have been held now for 28 days. they are accused of spreading lies harmful to state security. and joining a terrorist group. allegations al jazerra says are totally unfounded. and two other journalists from our sister channels are also being held a reporter and a cameraman. they have been detained for over five months. now, the first face-to-face talks between the see vinnie government and opposition are set for begin in less than -- in geneva. u.n. special envoy will be meet 80ing the talks aimed at ending the civil war in syria, james bays has more from geneva. the world's press thought they
would be reporting on the first meeting between the syrian government and opposition after almost three years of conflict. instead at the start the day, just the government side were at the u.n. in geneva to see the meet eighter hours before he had a separate meeting with the opposition. >> we had a very good meeting yesterday. i don't like to reveal what happens in these meetings. we agreed that today morning at 11:00 we shall meet here and he will chair the meeting. the syrian government will be on one side the opposition on the other side. he will address both of us and that's it. >> reporter: and you have no problem with that? >> ab light not. what are we coming for? >> reporter: so you think the opposition must have a problem with this? >> absolutely. if there is something wrong and if there is any change it must be the other side. >> reporter: the talks between the two sides haven't even started but the media war has. the syrian government getting its position in first, saying the opposition is to blame for the delay. syrian state tv reported the
head of the government delegation was threatening to leave geneva if a face-to-face meeting does not take place by saturday. the u.n. in geneva is often a sedate, slow-moving place, but that calm was again interrupted by media attention when the opposition spokesman arrived. the goff sai government said tha delay you were supposed to meet facface-to-face and it's your fault. >> no, they have accepted geneva communiqu. and how would you negotiate with someone if there is no common grounds or foundation for negotiates. >> reporter: at the end of the meetings they were trying strike an upbeat tone: are you worried that this process could unravel? >> i am worried all the time even without the delay of today. we have gone in to this with our eyes wide open. we know it's not easy and well
not be easy any minute but we are doing our best to make it go forward. >> reporter: so apparently saturday's session will start as friday's was supposed to a face-to-face meeting between the two syrian delegations. james bays al jazerra, geneva. the president of ukraine has offered a series of convention session to his the growing number of protesters across the country but many are insisting nothing short of his resignation will suffice. the riots have now spread to nearly half of ukraine. the capital has been the focus of much of the unrest and to the west and the city nearly 2,000 people have occupied the administration building. crowds have gathered in most major cities in western ukraine. protesters have bare guided themselves inside the governor's office in the western ukraine's major city thousands have now surrounded the main government
building. this is the scene right now. smokes and fires pouring in to the sky there. our correspondent is joining us live from kiev and it does look like that temporary truce has well and truly ended. >> reporter: that's right. overnight in the early hours of saturday morning we have seen protesters fighting with riot police, but on a very reduced scale. they have been throwing molotov cocktails and stones that they have got from broken up paving slaps. the riot police firing tear gas and reports that they were firing rubber bullets as well. we are not hearing of major injuries. we are hearing from several arrests from the frontline a few hundred meters from independence square here on the road leading up to parliament. although it seems that the truce that held for at least 24 hours
has finished, we haven't seen a return to the deadly confrontation earlier on this week. now, of course you were talking about that funeral, although there hasn't been a repeat of the clashes in other cities, we have seen the protest movement gain new ground with the occupation of those regional administration buildings. that funeral obviously anger was expressed. it was a demonstration of how many people feel anger over the way that the security forces have reacted to what they say a peaceful -- say are peaceful demonstrations. certainly here in kiev it's a peaceful scene but there is a standoff continuing and the protesters here have widened the area that they are barricading in ready in case the security forces at any point try to take the square behind me. >> so what is happening politically then, just to stop standoff? are there any signs that the opposition demands that the president is listening to the
opposition? >> reporter: well, as you were mentioning the president on friday did hint that parliament might look again at those laws that were rushed through last week. restricting people's right to protest and bringing in hefty prison sentences for many types of protest. he also said that he would be willing to have a cabinet reshuffle. but nobody is exactly sure the extent of the changes that he would bring n looking at those laws he said might happen in an emergency session are apartment next tuesday. now, every day counts here, because the anger is growing and the feeling is that in the lack of political dialogue, although the opposition leaders have met the president on two occasions this week, nothing really has come you want of it except an off tore perhaps release people detained since last sunday during the protests. nothing more than that. and that's clearly not appeasing
the protesters. the feeling is the longer it goes on, the more chance that there is that there will actually be unrest spread from the capitol here to other places elizabeth. >> thank you very much for that update. joining us from the ukrainian capital kiev. the protesters in ukraine say police are harassing them and using brutal tactics. sue went to see what happens happening at one hospital in kiev. >> reporter: a police raid on an emergency ward in the outskirts of kiev. they show no mercy. even the bedridden are wheeled out under arrest. one of the walking wounded handcuffed to an officer says he was beaten by the riot police. then he's led away. the doctors are asked how often this is happening. they say no comment. we head up to one of the wards where police are standing guard.
can we talk to the patients that are in here? no, you can't they say, we are waiting to arrest them. what are they under arrest for? no answer. according to witnesses, dozens of people have been taken from hospital in this way over the last five days. he was one of them. he brought his friends to hospital for treatment. when a gang of men turned up. >> about seven people came to room where yuri was, the doctor looked at him at had i eyes and i was near the door and they hit me, hit yuri, so they took my legs, arms and brought me to the mini van. >> reporter: they were police? >> they were not police, they didn't tell anything. they just were talking to each other like take this, take that.
>> reporter: yuri's body was found days later in a forest. it showed signs of to are true, he hatorture,he had frozen to d. he thinks they were taken by militia who the police are allowing to terrorize the protesters. they are calling on the police to leave their posts and join protesters. certainly in two areas outside of the capital they have heeded that call and have begun to resign. this is the west of the country, each of these police officers has just resigned. the crowd shouts glory as they leave the building. the head of the region as police department said on friday that all of the police were now with the people. >> translator: the police must move towards the people. i am glad it turned out this way. the people pushed them to make this decision. and so they took the side. if only they could do the same here in kiev. >> reporter: but there is no sign of that happening. with reports mounting of
beatings and arrests and of brutality at the hands. of the riot police an uneasy truce may be holding but the battle lines of still drawn. sue, al jazerra, kiev. just ahead on al jazerra, hundreds of millions of people in china are going home for chinese new year. we'll find out more about about the logistical challenges facing the travelers. ♪ ♪
there have been two new explosions in the he yeps capital. the entire area ministry says one of the devices went on next to a police institute in cairo. it comes as egyptians mark the third anniversary of the up rising that ousted president any hospital any mubarak. the first face-to-face talks between the syrian government and opposition are set to begin in geneva u.n. special envoy will be mediating the talks aimed at ending a civil war in syria. and ukraine's president has offered reshuffle his cabinet and a amend a controversial protest law. den stations spread outside the capital, meanwhile protesters in the capital of kiev have been burning the barricades on a road leading to the parliament building. let's go more on our top story, those explosions in egypt. an assistants professor at i don't remembegeorgetown universe doha, good to have you here with
us. it's not a very good start at all, is it, to the third anniversary of the up rising, two explosions already today in the capital cairo following those four explosions yesterday. >> well, it's certainly part i've bigger trend. i think we have seen an increase in violent attacks and an increase in inning a instabilite the coup government that took over last july 1 the croup happened and overthrowing the previous government there has been a sustained opposition on the one hand and most of that has been largely peaceful and nonviolent in the course of the sit ins and protests but we have seen a rise in militants attacks attacks, unfortunately there is no way to see side who are responsible. claims have been made of all sorts but most of the claims are largely just to back up whatever ideological views that they
have. they are hoping try to bring about some assumption that the government itself is actually behind these attacks and of course without that, it's almost impossible to tell and it will be very difficult to have a true investigation. >> well, the authorities have been saying that they need more powers to fight the security situation in the country. do the incidents of the past two days play in to their hands, do you think then? >> well, certainly they have used it as a pretext they have announced war on terror before there was even a terrorist wave of attacks in egypt they were launching these oppressive measures the attacks that broke up the nonviolent sit ins now we see a tendency to use these tacks to bring about moreau press i have measures. the emergency laws are no longer valid but the measures are being used and people are being detained indefinite had and indd and protests around the country, masa rests, other abuses of human rights that have taken
place that have been called attention to and these are under the pretexts of violence in the country. i think it works against the government because the idea that the they were coming in to bring instability was certainly undermined every time there is an attack and every time the protests continue it shows the idea of the government trying to stabilize itself and affirm a new political reality egypt remains in doubt seven months after the transition began. >> thank you very much for that. now, a former government minister has been hacked to death in the central african republic. the muslim politician was killed by a crowd wheeling machetes as he got out i've taxi. they accused him of being involved with the rebels. it comes two days after the new interim leader was sworn in and called for peace. the presence of french troops and african ube i don't know peacekeepers have failed to stop sectarian violence in the
country. and there was also fierce fighting in other parts of the capital at least nine people were killed as christian and muslim fighters exchanged gunfire. french peacekeepers had to intervene as christian fighters moved in to the mostly muslim neighborhood. turkey's currency is in trouble. it hit a record low against the dollar on friday and has lost 10% of its value in the past month. co-sign it'sing with the corruption scandal at the heart of the government. anita reports. >> reporter: turkey's economic bubble may be about to burst. turkey's buoyant economy is under threat from a steep slide? the vast turkish lira, it sunk 17% in the last month. >> well, because it will have major affects on the well of the people. >> reporter: the lira is at its lowest level against the dollar and euro in decades. the affects on turkey's new consumer society are already
here, foreign imports are more expensive. inflation is set to rise. businesses have struggle to go pay foreign debt and this will translate in to unemployment. the sudden slide in the value of the turkish lira may surprise many. while much of the world's economy still struggles to recover from the economic collapse of 2008, turkey's economy surged ahead, economic growth and the appearance of prosperity bolstering the confidence and popularity of the ruling party and its prime minister. assumer of violent street protests followed by a corruption code actions con delled by boyds like the turkish industry and business association. >> translator: in a country where law is not respected, where the justice system doesn't work according to e.u. norms
where there is shadow it's hard to attract foreign investors. >> reporter: the turkish's bank's credibility has been damaged it should raise interest rates but the government won't let it. >> if it was managed better we wouldn't have this at least. combined with allegations of corruption, that's the thing that makes things much worse. >> reporter: at the sharp end manufacturers, he imports more than 400 kilometers of fabric a year to make his clothing. all that fabric has to be paid for in dollars. >> translator: i don't remember living through such a deep crisis before. i have family, children, and we are really struggling in these circumstances. >> reporter: turkey's business community is bank on the ground upcoming election to his restore stability. hoping the fix for the problem
won't bring them more worries. anita, al jazerra, istanbul. no such problems for the head of investment banks jp morgan as chairman and ceo jamie diamond looks to get a pay increase of as much as $10 million. the directors of the u.s.-based bank decided to raise his salary despite the company losing billions. diamonds will be paid $20 million for his work in 2013. that's after jp morgan's profits fell 16% last year. the company has also agreed to pay out nearly $20 billion to settle legal claims from government agencies and private investors. diamond's pay restores most of the 11 1/2 million dollars that was cut when his salary was halved in 2012. directors imposed the cut after the bank lost six and a quarter billion dollars on a controversial trade. bart nay or is a former chief investigate or for the
u.s. banking committee: >> the directors unfortunately are not the independent people that we want them to be. they are not necessarily the winners of america's, you know, best talented director. they are recruited by boards and carefully groomed to make sure they are not the type to ask tough questions, so after jamie diamond fails to manage well this 4 trillion-dollar company witness booed i the london whale more apparently not obeying the rules, witness the biggest fine that any company has ever paid in united states, $13 billion in one fell swoop in $20 billion overall and yet the board decides, okay, we need to give this person a 74% raise. that's just a complete dysfunction in board oversight. we have had the worst financial calamity of macro economic scale visited upon this nation and yet really no person of any
responsibilities is going to pay personally for it with jail time. you have to cheat especially if you are not going to get caught. you actually economists call it gresham's lot bad money drives out good. if you do not engage in this bad behavior, you are going to lose out. and that's why we need a justice department that actually brings individual people to account for their misdeeds. the u.s. is warning its athletes to avoid wearing their team outfits outside the sochi winter olympic venues. team usa and american visitors have been advised to keep a low profile after growing security concerns. groups based in the federal republic have vowed to launch attacks during the event. but russia has dismice dismissee thread. 34 people died in violence 700-kilometers north of sochi. eight people are missing after a mudslide in northwestern
argentina. heavy rain sent mud and calf-sized locks in to the town. three people are confirmed dead. hundreds of millions of people in china are on the move. they are travel ago cross the country to make it home for the lunar new year and for most the annual journey is the only chance they get to see their relatives. craig leeson reports. >> reporter: 50-year-old much prefers to live in her home village. but for the past decade, she has worked in china's capital beijing as a cleaner. seven days a week earning $600 a month. >> it's much easier to make money in beijing and then spend it in your hometown. >> reporter: the couple of part of kind's a great lunar new year migration when hundreds of millions of chinese migrants, students and families head back to their villages from the country's economic zones. 3.6 billion trips will be take then the next 40 days. making the spring holiday the biggest migration of people on
the planet. >> translator: from beijing it's 39, sometimes even more than 40 hours from there to my hometown is another three hours by bus. >> reporter: the need for rail travel is high. 280 million tickets will be sold but it's only a track shun o frf demands for most passengers it's standing room only. it's 3:00 in the morning, it's bitterly cold and the bathrooms have just stopped working, but that's the reality for 1800 passengers on this train and as you can see, for most there is very few places for them to sleep. in fact, for 25 u.s. dollars you get standing room only. china has spent billions modernizing its rail network in the fast five years it has added 100,000-kilometers of track. the gains are impressive but they are still not enough trains to cope with the holiday rush.
the overland train stops almost every hour. dropping off and picking up new passengers. by the time it arrives, its carriages are as full as when it left 32 hours earlier. tang and lee are exhausted but their trip is far from over. >> translator: i still feel very, very tired to be honest you couldn't take a good rest on the train. it's very, very noisy. >> reporter: more than 800 buses are deployed tang and lee have two bus to his catch. the first and the second. a small county by chinese standards of just is 860,000 people. from here, the couple negotiate the fair for a mini cab right to the village. it's just a short dusty 30 minute journal toy their home. tang's son and children, her seibel lesion and lee's parents gather outside the family courtyard. the travel sacrifice that tang and lee have made reunites four
generations of family. it's a sacrifice made by hundreds of millions across the country every spring holiday for chinese new year. craig leeson. that story and the rest of the day's news is all on our website aljazerra.com. velshi on "real money." >> the dow is getting hammered and economic problems in china start to ripple across the globe. we'll explain what it means for you. plus after paying $20 billion in fines jp morgan chase has given a huge raise to ceo jamie dimon. later in the federal reserve there is a new documentary that chronicled the fed during the financial crisis, and this was an intriguing day at the economic forum with ali velshi. i'm david shuster, and this